Information System: learn about the concept and market trends

Information System: learn about the concept and market trends

With each passing year, it is possible to follow the exponential technological evolution and, of course, the Information System (IS) is part of this process.

Digital transformation has been responsible for the insertion of disruptive technologies into our social environment, with the aim of meeting market demands in a more agile, efficient and practical way.

Although the Information System was already present in our daily lives even before the emergence of information technology, it is in this new, highly technological generation that all IS concepts and practices have become much more important and advantageous.

In this sense, a career in Information Systems has become a market trend, since individuals must learn to manage the vast flow of information created by networks, both inside and outside of the organization where they operate.

Read on and discover everything about this universe that involves administration, storage and processing of information , which has deservedly gained its place in the market.

What is Information System?

Information System (IS) is a model of organizational processes used to collect, process and store data . It is characterized as a set of software, hardware and telecommunications networks capable of manipulating and transforming data into useful information.

As you have seen, digital transformation and the consequent development of this culture are part of the new technological scenario and its social reconfigurations.

Thinking in this context, the Information System is essential to meet the daily and growing demand for information collection, processing, storage and distribution.

The IS works to ensure that information is treated appropriately, ensuring positive impacts on the entire organizational structure and even on the management models of a given corporation.

In a world where information is synonymous with power, it is easy to imagine the importance of IS for decision-making in several – or all – companies.

This happens because each data collected is interpreted and can be considered so precious as to define the course of our day to day.

What are the foundations of the Information System?

Knowing the fundamentals of IS is very important to better understand how all processes actually work. With this in mind, the first step is to discover what a system is and what its possible divisions are.

Let’s go!

What is a system?

A system is defined as a set of elements that are interconnected and performing a certain function together to achieve the necessary objectives.

Each system can be divided into some parts, such as:

  • output: presentation of results of the work carried out;
  • Prohibited: inputs needed to meet your demands;
  • processing: processes that transform inputs into products;
  • control: monitoring carried out to verify system activity;
  • feedback: part of the output that informs the system about its operation and allows possible errors to be corrected.

In the last few topics, we talked a lot about the power of information and how the IS is capable of collecting various data in order to guarantee assertive informational targeting. But, after all, what is information?

What is information?

Information is characterized by the combination of countless data that have been processed and properly organized.

Importantly, data in isolation is of no value , so it’s just the summation and analysis of it that makes it so valuable to many corporations .

Information System: what does a professional in the area do?

Now that you understand what an Information System is and its main fundamentals, it’s time to finally know what this professional’s tasks are.

As seen, the process of collecting, storing and sharing data is part of what we call IS and, consequently, of the daily life of professionals in this area.

Considered an indispensable function for any enterprise, the responsibility of the work is related to the development and management of computerized programs .

Therefore, the area of ​​activity of the Information Systems professional is to organize and ensure that all departments of a given company have agile and secure access to all relevant information .

This way, it can be ensured that the corporation uses this set of data strategically. In this case, management is done from internal and external sources, organized on websites, databases or software.

Profile of the Information System professional

Anyone who wants to have a career in Information Systems must be able to work in all phases of systems development.

Due to the importance that this area has for the strategic planning of organizations, it is important that the professional has some characteristics, such as:

  • have an affinity with mathematics and computers;
  • be aware of the main market trends and new technologies;
  • be agile in identifying problems and able to propose creative and innovative solutions;
  • have emotional intelligence to deal with the challenges that the area poses;
  • Having knowledge of English is a big plus, since the main programming languages ​​are in this language.

What is studied at the Faculty of Information Systems?

In IS, all studies are aimed at analyzing and manipulating data and information.

The student in the area also knows the concepts and techniques of computer science , in addition to systems theory, which contributes with the knowledge necessary to solve problems related to the processing of information.

Furthermore, it is common for some technologies and languages ​​to be taught during the course, such as:

  • Java;
  • W#;
  • Python ;
  • JavaScript;
  • Agile Methods;
  • Relational Banks;
  • SQL.

Information System Course

Some contents vary according to the educational institution, but a large part of the IS curriculum also includes disciplines such as:

  • administration;
  • entrepreneurship;
  • ethic;
  • algorithms.

The similarity between Information Systems and other technology courses – Computer Science and Computer Engineering, for example – is widely questioned.

However, some differences must be taken into account. Computer Science is focused on more academic issues and has a greater basis in mathematics. Computer Engineering mixes software and hardware, just as IS involves software and administration .


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